Foot Injuries: Reasons, Prevention and Cure
Have you ever felt that feeling of searing and jolting pain in your feet, but you just don’t know where it’s coming from? In case you didn’t know, the foot is one of the human body’s most sensitive and crucial body parts. It is made up of 26 bones, 33 joints and more than 100 tendons, muscles, and ligaments that become the pillar of your body for an entire lifetime.
If you have been experiencing pain almost all the time when you walk, or even just as you are trying to stand up, then there must be something wrong for you to be experiencing pain.
We all know about the stressors like high heels or badly fitted shoes, but did you know that your weight could also contribute to the pain that you feel in your feet?
There are many causes to this sort of pain, sometimes it could be because of your shoes, or it could even be an underlying health condition that needs to be attended to right away, like broken bones, a twisted ankle, bunions and other problems.
In this article, we will be discussing and educating you with some of the causes of foot pain, how to prevent it, and how you can cure these problems without going to the doctor.
What are the Causes of Foot Injuries and how can you cure it?
First of all things that you will need to know, is what causes these injuries how to cure it, and how you can prevent them from happening to you. Let’s start with the common causes for foot pain:
Severely Aching feet
When your feet starts to ache, this could usually be an indication of poorly fitted shoes, like wearing high heels that do not fit your feet comfortably, pointed shoes, too tight or too loose foot wear, and lack of arch support in the shoes.
How to cure
You can cure this problem by simply choosing to wear the right sized shoes, however if the problem persists even after you are wearing the correct shoes, it will be better to visit your doctor to rule out other problems.
In case you don’t know what a blister is or never got one before in your life, this is a foot injury that normally causes the shell on the surface of your skin to contain a clear liquid.
This happens when the skin is repeatedly rubbed, so for example you wear a pair of shoes that is either too loose or too tight for your feet and it rubs on the same part of your feet without wearing socks, it can form a blister. These injuries are very painful, and can become very discomforting.
How to cure
To treat this problem, your doctor may recommend that you “pop” the blister, but you also have to keep in mind that the skin that covers the blister helps to prevent it from getting infected. So, before you drain it, make sure that you use a sterile needle, and then gently pop it so that you can allow the skin to re-attach its self.
Keep it clean at all times, and remember to gently wash the area with some mild soap and water.
Apply some antibacterial cream, then cover it with gauze and then securely fasten it with some hypoallergenic tape to protect the skin and prevent any further infections. Make sure to change the dressing at least one a day and wear different shoes until the wound heals completely.
In the evening before you go to bed, make sure to take the bandage off so that it can dry out.
A callus is a hard build up of skin, usually found on the heel. These are formed when there’s an uneven distribution of weight to your feet. Calluses can also be caused by poorly fitted shoes, but don’t worry if you have these, because this is typically normal, and is not considered an injury but a cause of pain.
How to cure
For this to heal quickly, by all means do not try to cut the callus or remove it with anything sharp. After you take a bath in the evening or before you go to work, use a pumice stone to gently remove the build up. You can also try insoles or cushioned pads. But if you are going to visit a doctor for this, keep in mind that they may recommend some medications to soften the tissue.
Corns are quite similar to calluses only difference is these can be found on the toes, in between the toes or on the bony areas of your toes. The pressure usually causes these from your shoes that rub against your toes or cause a certain friction. This is not an injury, but a common cause of pain.
How to cure
The same method used for calluses can also be used with corns. Just make sure that you soften your skin first before using a pumice stone, and be sure to not pick at it with a sharp object for any reason.
Rheumatism, otherwise called as rheumatoid arthritis, is a destructive joint disease that is often caused by inflammation in the joint tissues that produces lubrication.
When these tissues in the joints remain inflamed for a certain period of time, it can lead to deformity. The joint ligaments are loosened and can lead to joint destruction through eroding the bone and cartilage.
How to cure
For most people, they already have maintenance for this, but there are some additional treatments that you can try on your own and at the comforts of your own home. Many of them are simple, like using an ice or heat pack, and the others will include going to an acupuncturist.
It will be recommended to ask your doctor though, which would be the best option for you, and if there are certain limits for you on what is OK to try out.
Like rheumatism, arthritis is another type of arthritis, the only difference is this type of arthritis is non inflammatory in which case happens through thinning of the cartilage found in the joints.
How to cure
Arthritis can be cure in many ways, you can try loosing weight, as some of the reasons for arthritis may be in weight gain, get more exercise, use cold and hot therapy on your joints, acupuncture, or you can go to a doctor so that they can prescribe you with some medications to help ease the pain.
Foot injuries in the office and cure
Depending on the nature of your work, one of the most common injuries or pain that you can get in the office is:
As mentioned, depending on the nature of your profession, heel pain can be caused because you stand too long in the same position for hours. If you have a job that requires you stand up for too long, heel pain can also be the result of this. But sometimes, heel pain can also be caused by undistributed weight as mentioned above.
How to cure
There are several ways that you can relieve this problem without taking off your shoes, you can take some over the counter pain relievers like acetaminophen or ibuprofen. When you get home, you can try exercising your feet, by flexing and stretching it. Hot and cold compress works to reduce the swelling too. Take note that before you take any over the counter drugs, make sure to consult with your doctor first.
If you work in a construction site or anything that will require you to carry heavy objects, you can get this kind of injury when you drop something on your feet. The stone bruise is a deep bruise found on the fat pad of the heel or ball of your foot.
This is an impact injury, but this can also be caused when you steep on something hard. When you experience this injury, it will feel as if you are walking on a pebble. But you do not need to worry, because this usually goes away on it’s own.
How to cure
For you to alleviate the pain, you can ask your doctor to prescribe you some non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. You can also try some try some stretching to alleviate the pain. Also try to use specially manufactured shoes with insoles that have better cushion, these can provide better absorption from shock.
This is another foot injury that is pretty common in the office. Again, depending on the nature of your work, or if you are working in a construction site, this will be pretty common.
This is an impact injury, when something is dropped on your toe, it can cause color changes like little white marks, which appear after minor injuries. These can last for a few weeks or months, but these will normally go away on it’s own.
Or your nail can turn black from the impact. When it turns black, this means that there’s blood underneath your nail. Sometimes you will need someone to take it out or you can take the nail out yourself.
How to cure
When you are treating a bruised toe, it is important to keep the area clean and dressed. Make sure to submerge the area in hot water, and then wash it with soap to get rid of all the dirt and the bacteria. Also make sure to apply some antibacterial cream to prevent any infections. It will also be advisable to visit your doctor for additional advice.
How to Prevent Foot injuries at Home and in the Office
Now that we have mentioned some of the possible causes for foot pain and injuries around the office or in your household, lets now move on to how you can prevent these from happening to you. When you really think about, there are many ways that you can steer clear of these injuries and pain, let’s discuss.
Some of the most common foot injuries and pain can happen anywhere even outside of your office. But still, there is no doubt that some of the work related factors can lead to a lot of foot injuries and problems, especially if these are jobs that require you to stand for hours and hours in a day.
Since the human foot is designed for motion, trying to maintain your stance for a long period of time can be extremely draining.
Standing for too long not only drains the life out of you, but can actually cause your feet permanent damage, because it can make the joints in your feet to become flat or misaligned along with the possibilities of inflammation, which can later on turn into arthritis or rheumatism (as mentioned above).
What You Can Do
The only way that you can prevent this from happening, is by taking control of what shoes you wear and veering away from heavy objects that you might drop on your feet.
Shoes play an important role for prevention; get shoes that are preferably hard or at least not too tight or too loose. When you pick shoes, make sure that it fits your feet perfectly and is designed for your feet structure to avoid any possibilities of injuries or pain.
Also keep in mind that when it comes to an office setting, there is no work place where an employee is immune to foot injuries. However, as mentioned above, the hazards of these will depend on the working environment and the tasks that you have to do everyday.
The first step towards prevention aside from picking the right shoes will be to identify these hazards and develop a strategy on how to avoid relevant threats around your work place.
As such, these should be assessed no matter how safe you think your office may seem. The dangers and possibilities still lurk around every corner, so always be aware of your surroundings.
Improve the Foot Safety in Workplaces
How can you improve the foot safety in workplaces where foot injuries are likely to occur recurrently?
In such situations, office space designs also have the potential to escalate foot safety around the work area that are hazardous. This will give workers the freedom to walk around without getting into any kind of accident. To give you some examples of these, here some:
- You can significantly decrease the number accidents that might result in crushed feet or toes by separating all mobile equipment from moving traffic and pedestrian lanes, as well as installing all kinds of safety mirrors and warning signs. This will allow all passerby’s to see the signage, and adhere to the potential threats.
- In areas like construction sites, it will be advisable to post some safety signs in areas where safety footwear is required. Such as places where there is a potential danger to falling debris, and sharp objects.
- You can also prevent these accidents from happening by having effective house keeping. In case you didn’t know, trash can also cause foot injuries because there will be high chances that there will be something sharp like broken glass, loose nails and other sharp objects. This is why hard footwear is always required.
One thing is the most important i.e "Safety First". So wherever you go and work just be safe, use safety footwear to be protected from any foot injuries. Enjoy and Stay Safe.